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A New Digital Map of Limits of Oceans and Seas Consistent with High-Resolution Global Shorelines

TitleA New Digital Map of Limits of Oceans and Seas Consistent with High-Resolution Global Shorelines
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDamien, F, Olivier, L
JournalJournal of Coastal ResearchJ. Coastal Res.J. Coastal Res.
KeywordsGIS and oceanography, Limits of oceans and seas,IHO S-23,Global Self-consistent,Hierarchical,High-resolution Shoreline (GSHHS),geographic information system (GIS),vector map

We present a vector map of the limits of oceans and seas intended to be integrated into a geographic information system
(GIS). This map is based on the document S-23 titled ‘‘Limits of Oceans and Seas’’ and published by the International
Hydrographic Organization (IHO). The third edition of this document, published in 1953, still serves as an official
reference. The realization of this map from a text containing numerous ambiguities, disused place-names, or imprecise
coordinates required important documentary investigations. This was made possible through the use of online resources
such as map libraries, satellite imageries, geographic names databases, and institutional geoportals. The main
innovations of our map are its accuracy, its precision of about 10 s of meridian arc, and its consistency with the Global,
Self-consistent, Hierarchical, High-resolution Shoreline database and with satellite images such as Land Satellite and
moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer. All remaining uncertainties for the drawing of limits are presented in
the results. Although based on an IHO document, our map does not possess any official status. Nevertheless, we hope
that our map will facilitate and encourage more detailed spatial analyses related to oceans and seas. This map is freely
available for noncommercial use.

Short TitleJournal of Coastal ResearchJournal of Coastal Research
Alternate JournalJournal of Coastal Research