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OBIS-SEAMAP: The world data center for marine mammal, sea bird, and sea turtle distributions

TitleOBIS-SEAMAP: The world data center for marine mammal, sea bird, and sea turtle distributions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsHalpin, PN, Read, AJ, Fujioka, E, Best, BD, Donnelly, B, Hazen, LJ, Kot, C, Urian, K, LaBrecque, E, Dimatteo, A, Cleary, J, Good, C, Crowder, LB, Hyrenbach, KD
KeywordsBiodiversity informatics, Cetaceans, Data interoperability, Ecology, EMU, Geographic information systems (GIS), GIS and oceanography, Habitat modeling, Marine mammals, Ocean Biogeographic Information System Spatial Ecological Analysis of Marine-megavertebrate Animal Populations

The science needed to understand highly migratory marine mammal,
sea bird, and sea turtle species is not adequately addressed by individual data
collections developed for a single region or single time period. These data must be
brought together into a common, global map based on a coherent, interoperable,
and openly accessible information system. This need was clearly articulated by the
National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP) and the Alfred P. Sloan
Foundation when they co-sponsored a new effort to directly address this issue in
2002. The result is OBIS-SEAMAP: the world data-center for marine mammal, sea
bird, and sea turtle information. OBIS-SEAMAP brings together georeferenced
distribution, abundance, and telemetry data with tools to query and assess these
species in a dynamic and searchable environment. In a second round of NOPP
support that began in 2007, the National Science Foundation is helping expand this
effort into new technologies and data types. To date, the OBIS-SEAMAP information
system includes more than 2.2 million observation records from over 230 data sets
spanning 73 years (1935–2008), and growth of this data archive is accelerating. All
of these data are provided by a growing international network of individual and
institutional data providers.

Short TitleOceanographyOceanography
Alternate JournalOceanography