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GIS modeling of wave exposure at the seabed: A depth-attenuated wave exposure model

TitleGIS modeling of wave exposure at the seabed: A depth-attenuated wave exposure model
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsBekkby, T, Isachsen, PE, Isaeus, M, Bakkestuen, V
JournalMar. Geod.Mar. Geod.Mar. Geod.
Volume31
Pagination117-127
KeywordsDepth attenuation, GIS modeling, seabed substrate, wave exposure, GIS and oceanography
Abstract

Several studies have documented relationships between wave exposure and distribution,
density, and size of marine species. Hence, this factor is at a high level in the hierarchical
habitat classification system EUNIS and is one of the Water Framework Directive water
typology criteria of coastal waters. Is├Žus (2004) has developed a continuous simplified
wave model (SWM) that has been applied to several Nordic countries.Here we refine this
model by introducing depth-attenuation, giving us the advantage of a model for wave
exposure as it will actually work at the seabed. The values of the depth-attenuated model
SWM(d) are approximately similar to the SWM model in shallow areas but noticeably
lower in deep areas. The two models were compared in an analysis of the distribution
of seabed substrate in the Stockholm archipelago. Using the depth-attenuated wave
exposure instead of the SWM model as predictor in substrate modeling improved these
models considerably.

Short TitleMarine GeodesyMarine Geodesy
Alternate JournalMarine Geodesy